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February 2, 2021


The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in determining the viable target area in patients with subpleural pulmonary lesions before ultrasound-guided transthoracic core biopsy. In this retrospective study, we analyzed 92 patients with subpleural pulmonary lesions (63 males and 29 females; mean age: 65.17 ± 11.72 y). All patients underwent B-mode ultrasound, color Doppler and CEUS. Color Doppler was performed to identify the major vessels. The time to enhancement of the contrast agents, homogeneity of enhancement and the presence of areas without enhancement were recorded after administration of the contrast agents. The viable target areas were defined as regions showing enhancement relative to those without enhancement and regions showing delayed enhancement in reference to peripheral lung tissues showing early enhancement. Afterward, real-time ultrasound-guided transthoracic core needle (18 gauge) biopsies were performed and the complication rate, success rate and diagnostic accuracy were calculated. With CEUS, the needle pathways of these lesions were readjusted the biopsy strategy in 40/92 patients (43.5%). It was determined that the satisfactory rate of the subsequent biopsy specimen was 100%. The histologic diagnostic accuracy of the biopsy was 97.83%. No serious complications occurred during the biopsy. In conclusion, the application of CEUS before biopsy was able to depict the viable target areas of the lesion to readjust the biopsy routes. With the help of CEUS, ultrasound-guided core biopsy could obtain adequate samples, improve the diagnostic accuracy and reduce the complication rates of biopsies.

Authors: Wen Xu; Qing Wen; Xinjian Zhang; Chunmei Liu; Lijing Zha; Pintong Huang

Department of Ultrasound, Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China

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