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July 1,2021 — Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology


A portion of detected breast masses might be overrated by using the Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System ultrasonography (BI-RADS US) lexicon. A principal component regression-based contrast-enhanced ultrasound (PCR-CEUS) evaluation system was built to quantitatively illustrate whether CEUS could help radiologists to differentiate 4A masses. The PCR-CEUS evaluation system, based on principal component analysis (PCA) and logistic regression, was verified by random assignment into training and test sets and shown to reduce the data dimension and avoid collinearity in CEUS variables. This prospective study consecutively collected 238 patients with 238 4A masses confirmed pathologically. All enrolled patients accepted CEUS examination. The diagnostic performance of senior and junior radiologists, PCR-CEUS and combined methods was compared. The PCR-CEUS system had consistent diagnostic performance in both the training and test sets, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.831 (0.765-0.897), 0.798 (0.7034-0.892) and 0.854 (0.765-0.943) (all P > 0.05). The AUC of the combined diagnostic model (PCR-CEUS + Senior radiologists) was higher than that of senior radiologists, and the combined model had higher sensitivity (0.875 (0.781-0.969) vs. 0.729 (0.603-0.855)) without compromising specificity. Furthermore, the AUC and specificity of the combined model (PCR-CEUS + Junior radiologists) (0.852 (0.787-0.916)) was higher than that of junior radiologists (0.665 (0.592-0.737) (P < 0.00001)). PCR-CEUS demonstrated good ability in differentiating malignant BI-RADS-US 4A masses and was helpful for both senior and junior radiologists.

Authors: Zi-Mei Lin, Ji-Fan Chen, Fang-Ting Xu, Chun-Mei Liu, Jian-She Chen, Yao Wang, Chao Zhang, Pin-Tong Huang

Department of Ultrasound in Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China

Read full text at: 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2021.02.027

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