The aim of this study was to evaluate blood perfusion of the renal cortex during ischemia–reperfusion (I/R) injury using quantitative contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) parameters. In this experiment, 24 rabbits were randomly divided into four groups (N = 6): sham-operated group, 24-h post-operation for I/R injury group (24-h I/R), 3-d post-operation for I/R injury group (3-d I/R) and 5 d post-operation for I/R injury group (5 d I/R). All quantitative CEUS parameters were monitored and included the gradient from the start frame to the peak frame (Grad), area under the curve (Area), time-to-peak (TTP), difference between B(intercept intensity at t=0) and A(the intensity attenuation t= 0) and arrival time (AT). Subsequently, we analyzed the changes in these parameters, as well as the correlation between changes in CEUS parameters and pathological parameters. AT and TTP values peaked 3 d after I/R surgery, which correlated with the most significant pathological changes at the same time point. These parameters (such as AT, TTP and Grad) may be useful in dynamically monitoring the severity of tissue damage at the early stage of I/R injury.
Authors: ZhijianLuo*, YuluLiu†, ZiyiTang†, JialingLiu†, XuemeiXu†, MingxingLi*, YanDai‡§*
⁎Department of Ultrasound, Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, Sichuan Province, China
†Department of Medical Imaging, Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, Sichuan Province, China
‡Department of Nuclear Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, Sichuan Province, China
§Department of Pharmacy, Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, Sichuan Province, China
Read full text at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2021.07.013