Therapeutic Angiogenesis for Ovarian Transplantation through Ultrasound-Targeted Microbubble Destruction
July 1, 2021 — Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology
Timely angiogenesis and effective microcirculation perfusion are essential for the survival and functional recovery of transplanted ovaries. Ultrasound-targeted microbubble destruction (UTMD) can lead to angiogenesis and increase flow perfusion by causing transient inflammation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of UTMD on transplanted ovarian revascularization and survival. In vitro, for the criteria of cell viability and tube formation capability, the optimal exposure parameters were determined to be a microbubble concentration of 1 × 108/mL, mechanical index of 1 and exposure time of 30 s. After ovarian transplantation, 40 female Sprague Dawley rats were divided into four groups: transplantation alone, ultrasound alone, microbubbles alone and ultrasound and microbubbles (UTMD). At 7 d after transplantation, ovarian perfusion was assessed using qualitative and quantitative methods. The effect of angiogenesis was assessed by contrast-enhanced ultrasound, laser Doppler perfusion imaging and histologic analysis. The results, in which ovarian perfusion was highest in the UTMD group, suggest that UTMD can effectively improve ovarian perfusion. Compared with the other three groups, the number of follicles, microvascular density and rate of Ki-67-positive cells increased significantly in the UTMD group, while apoptosis decreased significantly (p < 0.05). The study indicates that UTMD promoted ovarian re-vascularization after ovarian transplantation and maintained follicular reserve.
Authors: Guodong Wang, Shan Zhang, Hanbing Lu, Yuming Mu
Department of Echocardiography, First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, China
Read full text at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2021.02.025