ICUS Weekly News Monitor 5-26-17

ICUS Weekly News Monitor

26 May 2017 - 9 am Eastern

 
 
 
  1. 1.Health Imaging, May 22, 2017, High-end ultrasound with contrast superior for managing abdominal aneurysms By Dave Pearson
  2. 2.Aunt Minnie, May 16, 2017, Contrast US helps assess breast cancer treatment response By Erik L. Ridley

Health Imaging

High-end ultrasound with contrast superior for managing abdominal aneurysms

May 22, 2017

By Dave Pearson

Patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms are better served by contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) than by color Doppler for follow-up care after receiving endovascular aortic repair (EVAR), according to a study published online May 18 in Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation.

Researchers from Ludwig-Maximilian University of Munich in Germany and Sapienza University of Rome in Italy reviewed the cases of 41 patients. Most of them, 38 (93 percent) were male to correspond to the incidence of the often-asymptomatic problem in the population, and ages ranged from 58 to 100.

Using CEUS as the gold standard, the team found endoleaks could be detected using a high-end system in 28 patients (68 percent) with 13 patients not showing an endoleak after EVAR.

Color Doppler showed a sensitivity of 32.1 percent, a specificity of 92.3 percent, a positive predictive value of 90 percent and a negative predictive value of 38.7 percent compared to CEUS being the gold standard.

"CEUS after EVAR using a modern high-end ultrasound system is a fast and cost-effective imaging modality for the detection and follow-up of endoleaks with superior benefits compared to color Doppler," the authors conclude. "CEUS remains the initial standard-of-care examination for follow-up."

 
 
 
 
 
 

Aunt Minnie

Contrast US helps assess breast cancer treatment response

By Erik L. Ridley

May 16, 2017

Yielding comparable tumor measurements and accuracy, contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) can be a viable alternative to contrast-enhanced MRI for assessing breast cancer response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, according to research published in the May issue of the Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine.

In a pilot study, a research team led by Dr. Sandy Lee of the University of Southern California's Keck School of Medicine found that CEUS measurements of tumor size correlated well with MRI, and both modalities produced the same accuracy for predicting how the tumors were responding to therapy. What's more, CEUS tumor measurements correlated better with pathologic tumor size than did MRI tumor measurements.

"CEUS may be a good alternative exam when MRI cannot be performed in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy setting," Lee toldAuntMinnie.com.

An alternative to MRI?

MRI is commonly used to evaluate treatment response in breast cancer patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Although MRI is a great tool for this job, the modality can't be used in certain patients, such as those with renal disease, a pacemaker, or an allergy to gadolinium contrast agents, according to Lee

The researchers sought to investigate the use of contrast ultrasound because it's easy to perform, has no radiation, and can be used in patients with contraindications for MRI. In addition, microbubble contrast agents have a relatively safe profile, Lee said.

In the prospective pilot study, CEUS and contrast-enhanced MRI were performed on 30 patients with invasive breast cancer lesions larger than 2 cm. Of the 30 patients, 29 had invasive ductal carcinoma and one had metaplastic carcinoma. Both imaging studies were performed before neoadjuvant chemotherapy and afterward prior to surgery (J Ultrasound Med, May 2017, Vol. 36:5, pp. 901-911).

All contrast ultrasound exams were performed using the Definity ultrasound contrast agent (Lantheus Medical Imaging) on an Epiq ultrasound system (Philips Healthcare) with a 12-MHz linear transducer or a 9-MHz curvilinear transducer, depending on the tumor size and depth. Postprocessing analysis of the CEUS data was performed at a later time using Qlab software (Philips). Blinded to the MRI results and surgical data, a dedicated breast imager with more than 15 years of experience compiled the tumor measurements.

When possible, the MRI and CEUS studies were performed on the same day. However, sometimes the exams were performed on different days due to patient scheduling limitations, according to the researchers.

Patients received dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI using a gadolinium-based contrast agent and either an Excite HD 1.5-tesla scanner (GE Healthcare) or a Symphony 1.5-tesla system (Siemens Healthineers) with a dedicated breast coil. The MRI protocol included axial and coronal short-tau inversion recovery images, a precontrast T1-weighted acquisition, and additional postcontrast T1-weighted acquisitions obtained five to seven minutes after contrast administration.

Postprocessing was performed with CADstream software (Merge Healthcare) to generate subtractions and dynamic time/signal intensity curves. Two dedicated breast imagers -- blinded to the CEUS and surgical data -- then calculated tumor measurements.

The researchers compared the CEUS and MRI results with the pathologic tissue specimens that were obtained from definitive surgical treatment, which is usually performed at their institution four to six weeks after the completion of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Spearman coefficients (r values) were calculated to quantify the correlation between imaging and pathologic findings. The higher the r value, the higher the level of agreement.

Strong agreement

At baseline prior to treatment, contrast ultrasound and MRI both yielded a 3.1-cm median tumor size; the modalities had strong correlation (r = 0.88, p < 0.001) in tumor size measurements. The researchers noted that one patient had a deep tumor that did not enhance on baseline CEUS, but it was visible on conventional ultrasound and displayed subthreshold enhancement on MRI.

"The deep location and low vascularity of the tumor likely contributed to its lack of enhancement on the contrast-enhanced US scan," the authors wrote.

After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, agreement on tumor size dropped (r = 0.66, p = 0.004) but was still comparable. The researchers observed, however, that in a subset of 15 patients who had both CEUS and MRI studies that could be compared with tumor size at surgery, CEUS (r = 0.75, p < 0.001) correlated better with tumor size at surgery than MRI did (r = 0.42, p = 0.095).

"Contrast-enhanced US findings correlate well with MRI findings and may be even more accurate in predicting residual tumor size after [neoadjuvant chemotherapy]," the authors wrote.

In addition, contrast ultrasound and MRI were equally effective in predicting pathologic response to treatment. The modalities both accurately predicted three (75%) of the four patients who had a complete pathologic response, and eight (72.7%) of the 11 patients with a noncomplete pathological response.

While CEUS performed well in the study, the researchers noted that MRI has its own advantages.

"It can evaluate the remainder of the same breast and the contralateral breast at the same time, while CEUS is more limited to evaluating the known tumor," Lee said.

CEUS may also not be a good exam for evaluating small or deep tumors in the breast, she said.

Future work

The researchers acknowledged that their study was limited by the small number of patients. Studies with a larger patient cohort are now needed to further investigate the use of CEUS in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy setting, according to Lee.

The group is also exploring the possibility of using CEUS to determine when ultrasound-guided breast biopsies may be necessary, she said.

ICUS Sponsors

ICUS gratefully acknowledges its 2017 sponsors:

dentons-logo2

silver-level

Toshiba Medical logo resized

samsung-logo

siemens-new-original

philips-icus-logo

mindray

Contact ICUS

  • Address: 1900 K Street, N.W.
    Washington, DC 20006-1102, USA
  • Telephone: 202-408-6199

About ICUS

ICUS is the world’s only professional society exclusively devoted to contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) medical imaging technology.

Learn more...

You are here: Home ICUS Weekly News Monitors ICUS Weekly News Monitor 5-26-17